How to best address cocktails effects in the Pesticide legislation? Towards the implementation of a Mixture Assessment Factor (MAF): PAN Europe’s Position Paper

The protection of EU citizens from pesticide cocktail effects, a legal and political commitment of the EU. EU citizens and the environment are continuously exposed to many different combinations of chemicals, including pesticide formulations, both in indoor and outdoor environments (food, water, air, etc.). On their own, synthetic pesticide formulations (or plant protection products) already raise significant concerns. However, a combined exposure to several of them is putting both human and environmental health even more at risk due to “cocktail effects”.


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PAN Europe gratefully acknowledges the financial support from the European Union, European Commission, DG Environment, LIFE programme. Sole responsibility for this publication lies with the authors and the funders are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.