Rachel Carson Pesticide Action Month

We're at Peak Pesticide and Silent spring is almost here...

Rachel Carson gave the world an important warning in 1962 with the publication of her famous book ‘Silent Spring’. It led to the very necessary ban of DDT and other highly toxic chemicals. But the system didn’t change. We didn't go 'the other way' she describes in the last chapter of her book. We let the pesticide industry define the rules. Other pesticides were introduced, toxic business went on as usual and the use went up. Pesticide reduction is a myth so far, the sales are higher than ever. We’re at Peak Pesticide and Silent Spring is almost here. We urgently need a paradigm change away from pesticides to avert a total biodiversity crisis and create real foodsecurity. We have to strongly reduce pesticide use and start right now. We also expose the myth that we are doing well in the EU. We have not reduced pesticide use since 1990. And Europe is one of the world's leading pesticide exporters.

During the month, many pesticide related events will take place. Organised live and online, by the Pesticide Action Network and partner organisations. PAN Europe will present the report "Pesticide Paradise, how industry and officials protected the most toxic pesticides from a policy push for sustainable farming". This will stress the urgence to free ourselves from the shackles imposed on us by the chemical industry. They have far too much control over regulations, rules and definition of criteria and indicators. We can only move towards a toxic-free world and give a future to the generations to come if we free ourselves from this suffocating influence.

Quotes

Can anyone believe it is possible to lay down such a barrage of poisons on the surface of the earth without making it unfit for all life? They should not be called “insecticides’, but “biocides’.” 

Rachel Carson, Silent Spring P 7-8

 

Future historians may well be amazed by our distorted sense of proportion. How could intelligent beings seek to control a few unwanted species by a method that contaminated the entire environment and brought the threat of disease and death even to their own kind? Yet this is precisely what we have done.

Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, P 8-9

 

Global biodiversity is in crisis, with extinction rates running at more than 1,000 times natural levels and likely to accelerate. Insects in particular are undergoing catastrophic declines, yet these small creatures are vital to the functioning of ecosystems and to our own survival. A major cause of their decline are the plethora of pesticides applied to farmland, and in our streets and gardens. Rachel Carson would weep is she were alive to see how much worse this has become since she published Silent Spring. We urgently need to move towards truly sustainable farming systems, and bring an end to all uses of pesticides in gardens and towns.

Dave Goulson, Professor of Biology, University of Sussex

 

“We have lost 55% of farmland birds and 39% of grassland butterflies in Europe since 1990 alone. While we see a 300% increase in the volume of pollinator-dependent crops since 1961, we are also seeing a rapid loss of pollination services, especially by wild pollinators. These numbers seem staggering, but scientists estimate the speed of losses to be under-estimated. We know almost nothing about most invertebrates, and we know particularly little about soil organisms. We do know that we are emptying vast tracts of land from life. Through monocultures, urban infrastructure, transport systems, light pollution and pesticides (to name just a few), we generate landscapes that are devoid of life. We combat pests to maximise production, but with them we remove many more organisms that are trying to survive in the lands we have taken over. Even on cow-dung we see no flies or beetles, as deworming agents and antibiotics clean up animals’ stomachs - later on penetrating into the soil and the water we drink. Silent Spring is expanding to a silent life on Earth. Our pesticides, among other means to combat nature, are poisoning us too. Not only the food we eat, but also the land and water, the insects we depend on, and the soil that nourishes our crops. We are risking our future on Earth: we cannot produce on a dead land.”

Guy Pe'er, PhD, conservation biologist, butterfly expert, expert on the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) and UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research)

 

Our health in danger

"Parkinson's disease is currently the fastest-growing brain disease in the world. There is growing evidence that this serious neurological disease is largely caused by factors present in our environment. These include air pollution and repeated traumatic brain injuries, but also exposure to toxic substances in our environment, such as trichloroethylene and pesticides used in agriculture. The evidence for the relationship between Parkinson's and various pesticides is compelling: in a number of countries, farmers have been shown to have a significantly increased risk of developing the disease, and the same is true for those living near agricultural plots. Moreover, exposure of laboratory animals to various pesticides produces damage in brain regions relevant to Parkinson's, and leads to outwardly observable signs of parkinsonism in these laboratory animals. Fortunately, some of the most suspected pesticides have now been banned. However, the question is whether the currently used pesticides are completely safe; in this respect, there are increasing concerns that the currently used authorisation procedures do not provide sufficient insight into whether or not a specific pesticide increases the risk of Parkinsonism. Moreover, the risk of exposure to so-called cocktails of pesticides has hardly been considered to date, even though this is the reality in our daily lives. Farmers cannot be blamed in this regard, they are complying nicely with existing laws and regulations, and they themselves are the biggest victims as they seem to have the highest risk of Parkinson's. In order to curb the rapid global growth of Parkinson's, urgent steps are needed, including better protection of farmers and others exposed to pesticides, improving authorisation procedures at European level, and looking for alternatives to pesticides."

Prof. dr. Bas Boem, neurologist, Parkinsons specialist at Radboud University Medical Centre

 

Main issues and sources

 

Video

 

EU events

  • Sep 22: Silent Spring Forum at the Terra Madre event by Slow Food in Torino, Italy with Vicki Assevero, Larissa Bombardi, Claudio Porrini and Martin Dermine (PAN Europe)
  • Sep 25: Smoke & Mirrors, Exposing the PR tactics of the pesticide industry online event by PAN UK with journalist Carey Gilliam, author Anna Lappé and Jennifer Jacquet, Professor in the Department of Environmental Studies at NYU
  • Sep 27: Book date and new PAN Europe report : Pesticide Paradise, how industry and officials protected the most toxic pesticides
  • Sep 28: "Bees, farmers and young generations, surviving amongst pesticides"
    • Online debate 19:00: Thomas Waits (Green MEP) and Johanna Sandahl (president EEB)
    • Screening the movie Earth: Muted online from September 28 at 00:00 CEST – 4 October 23:59
  • Sep 29: Pesticide Free Town visiting Josephat Park with Mayor of Schaerbeek, Brussels. Park pesticide free since 2003
  • Oct 1: Start of Good Food Good Farming Days of Action – Pesticide Check Up + local actions
    • Presentation of hair testing + local actions all over Europe. #DetoxEUagriculture
  • Oct 6: Science, lobbies and the environment: marking the 60th anniversary of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring , Seminar with Naomi Oreskes, Jeroen van der Sluijs, Nina Holland, Andrea Saltelli and Stéphane Foucart, organised by Corporate Europe Observatory and the University of Bergen (Norway)
  • Oct 20: Event in the Parliament of Slovenia: Ecological transition starts with agronomy, increasing IPM uptake and significant pesticide dependency reductions
  • Oct 25: Presentation of the Pesticide Atlas, Heinrich Böll Stiftung, FoE Europe and PAN Europe with MEPs
  • Oct 26: Hybrid event on pesticide free nature areas (14:00 - 16:00) with Sarah Wiener (MEP), Carsten Bruhl (University of Koblenz) and Koen Hertoge (PAN Europe)
  • Oct 27: Good Food Good Farming action Brussels
  • Oct 28: Solutions for the ecological transition for Croatia – reducing pesticide use by increasing IPM uptake

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PAN Europe gratefully acknowledges the financial support from the European Union, European Commission, DG Environment, LIFE programme. Sole responsibility for this publication lies with the authors and the funders are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.