Lambda-Cyhalothrin

Type: Insecticide 

Health Hazards: Acutely toxic in short term exposure. Very neurotoxic: bystanders are advised to keep a 10-meter distance from spraying. Independent studies suggest interactions of lambda-cyhalothrin with receptors of the endocrine and immune systems. 

Environmental Hazards: Highly toxic to mammals and fish, aquatic invertebrates and honey bees; moderately toxic to earthworms. Classified as acute and chronic very toxic to aquatic life. 

Data gap: bioaccumulation in aquatic and terrestrial food chains.  

Exposure: Authorised in all 27 member states. 

Residues present in food are very high: 195 Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) above the Level of detection (LOD) of 0.01 mg/kg are established, ranging from 0.002mg/kg to 10.00 mg/kg per product (top 10 highest MRLs)

Regulatory State of Play: Approved until 31/03/2023.

Use: A quick-acting insecticide used to control a wide spectrum of agricultural crops and public pests, e.g. mosquitoes, flies and ticks. Authorised uses include spraying fields of wheat or potatoes with tractor-mounted sprayers, ground directed spray and foliar spraying.

Alternatives: Crop rotation, resistant varieties, sowing dates, promote biodiversity in/around the field.

 

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