Type: Herbicide

Health hazards: Some evidence of endocrine disrupting activity, neurotoxic effects and skin sensitiser

Environmental hazards: 

  • PFAS (persistent in soil and water): TFA residues 
  • Very toxic to aquatic life 
  • Risk of groundwater contamination 

Exposure: Authorised in pesticides in almost all Member States AT, BE, BG, CY, CZ, DE, EE, EL, ES, FR, HU, IE, IT, LT, LU, LV, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI & SK. 

Residue present in food:  For wheat, barley and potatoes, Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) above the Level of detection (0.10mg/kg to 0.15 mg/kg per product).

Regulatory state of play: Initially approved from 2004 to 2013, prolonged for the 8th time while reassessment is ongoing

Main use: To control grasses and broadleaf weeds in cereals, including barley, wheat, rye and spelt, and potatoes


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Pesticide Action Network Europe (PAN Europe) gratefully acknowledges the financial support from the European Union, European Commission, DG Environment, LIFE programme. Sole responsibility for this publication lies with the authors and the funders are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.