Type: Insecticide.

Health Hazards: Health risks connected to testicular tumours and developmental effects, endocrine and neurotoxic effects. 

Environmental Hazards: Classified as very toxic to aquatic life with acute and long-lasting effects. High concerns for bioaccumulation; high risks for invertebrate animals and honey bees. 

Exposure: Authorised in 21 member states.

Regulatory state of play: In 2016 re-approved as Candidate for Substitution for 7 years, until the end of 2022.

Use: Used on potatoes, peas, beans, grassland, cereals including wheat. Used for non-agricultural settings such as schoolsgrounds, industrial sites, and public buildings.

Alternatives: resistant varieties, extensive grassland and flower fallows, cover crops, avoid thin seedbeds.



See the other Toxic 12 pesticides that need to go fast.

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Pesticide Action Network Europe (PAN Europe) gratefully acknowledges the financial support from the European Union, European Commission, DG Environment, LIFE programme. Sole responsibility for this publication lies with the authors and the funders are not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained herein.