Health Hazards: Health risks connected to testicular tumours and developmental effects, endocrine and neurotoxic effects.
Environmental Hazards: Classified as very toxic to aquatic life with acute and long-lasting effects. High concerns for bioaccumulation; high risks for invertebrate animals and honey bees.
Exposure: Authorised in 21 member states.
Regulatory state of play: In 2016 re-approved as Candidate for Substitution for 7 years, until the end of 2022.
Use: Used on potatoes, peas, beans, grassland, cereals including wheat. Used for non-agricultural settings such as schoolsgrounds, industrial sites, and public buildings.
Alternatives: resistant varieties, extensive grassland and flower fallows, cover crops, avoid thin seedbeds.