The platform also includes important principles regarding Europe’s
relation with developing countries. Several of the platform elements
have since been refined and expanded into our PURE campaign.
The long-term aim of PAN Europe is to eliminate dependency on chemical
pesticides and support safe sustainable pest control methods. As
an interim goal, PAN Europe is committed to bringing about a substantial
reduction in pesticide use throughout Europe. Pesticide (including
biocides) reduction is a prerequisite for improvements of public
and workers health, protection of the environment, and its strict
implementation is in line with the precautionary principle.
PAN Europe therefore calls on the European Union to make good its
promise by taking - as a minimum - the following steps:
- Require all EU Member States to establish pesticide reduction
programmes within five years, with specific numerical targets
designed to achieve qualitative and quantitative reductions in
- Make pesticide reduction a specific environmental condition
for farmers receiving payments under the Common Agricultural Policy
(CAP) as proposed under the "cross-compliance" measures of Agenda
- When evaluating pesticides, including for the regulatory authorisation
- ensure greater transparency and consultation with public
- take action to address data gaps, combination effects, newly
recognised effects like endocrine disrupting potential and
immunotoxicity, and include cut-off values for intrinsic properties
(such as toxicity, bioaccumulation, and persistence);
- include a provisional approval and the evaluation of "inert"
ingredients in pesticide products;
- extend the comparative assessment of pesticides and the
substitution principle to 91/414/EC.
- Preserve the legal framework for pesticide reduction that already
exists under Directive 76/464/EEC (Dangerous substances into the
Aquatic Environment) and Directive 80/68/EEC (Groundwater), by
preventing their repeal under the proposed Water Framework Directive,
until equivalent groundwater and surface water protection measures
have been implemented by Member States.
- Develop principles for Good Plant Protection Practice (including
IPM) using PARCOM Recommendation 94/7 as a starting point.
- Establish specific policies and support to bring 15% of all
cultivated land under organic production (as defined by IFOAM)
by the year 2005, and 30% by the year 2010.
- Bring the EU pesticide levels in all food and animal feed in
line with the more stringent measures recently adopted for baby
food, and with the limit values for drinking water (80/778/EEC).
- Enact a 5-year EU-wide moratorium on scientific and commercial
release and import of genetically modified crops.
- Phase out by 2020 the production and use of chemicals that affect
the endocrine system and set a clear timetable prioritising action
on most harmful chemicals, taking into account the need to protect
- Establish national and Europe-wide mandatory and publicly available
inventories as a basis for action, including:
- pesticide product registers;
- inventories of pesticide use by area and crop;
- monitoring and surveillance of pesticide poisoning and pollution
incidence reporting (both agricultural and non-agricultural).
PAN Europe calls on the EU to take the following steps to meet its
global responsibility, and its regional responsibility for Central
and Eastern European countries:
- Ensure that aid to developing countries and countries in transition
supports farmer-participatory organic or Integrated Pest Management
training rather than pesticide use and intensive agricultural
development, with a target of 75% of aid for agriculture supporting
such programmes by 2005 (with the remaining 25% supporting development
of sustainable rural livelihoods).
- Increase the effectiveness of the Rotterdam Convention by ensuring
access to information on exports of active ingredients from the
EU and by expanding the number of substances on the PIC list,
e.g., through assistance to developing countries for identification
of "severely hazardous pesticide formulations" and through inclusion
of groups of substances on the basis of intrinsic properties (such
as toxicity, bioaccumulation and persistence).
- Lead global action to clear and dispose safely of stocks of
hazardous and obsolete pesticides in developing countries and
European countries with economies in transition, including enforcing
industry responsibility, with the objective of clearing all stocks
by 2010, and assisting countries to develop the capacity to prevent